What is gum disease (periodontal disease)?

Periodontal or gum disease is a pathological inflammatory condition of the gum and bone support (periodontal tissues) surrounding the teeth.

Gum disease begins with plaque, which is always forming on your teeth, without you even knowing. If the plaque is not removed daily it will form tartar (or calculus) which is the breeding ground for the germs which lead to gum disease. This is why we recommend regular Hygienist appointments to prevent a build-up of tartar.

Anyone at any age can be susceptible to gum disease. It can lead to you losing your teeth because this disease attacks the bone which is the foundation in which your teeth rest. Your teeth will become loose and eventually fall out as the bone dissolves away from around your teeth.

Gum diseases are classified according to severity. The two major stages are gingivitis and periodontitis.


Gingivitis is a milder and reversible form of gum disease which only affects the gums. Gingivitis may lead to more serious destructive forms of gum disease called periodontitis.


Periodontitis is a more severe form of gum disease. In periodontitis, the inflammation that affects the gums also affects the periodontal ligament that connects the tooth to the jaw bone. Over time this ligament and the bone to which it’s attached are slowly eroded away and the tooth may become loose and either fall out or need to be taken out.

Penryn Dental Practice is built on an ethos of preventive dental health. It is our aim to ensure patients have as healthy a mouth as possible and in our dream world none of our patients would have gum disease. However it’s reliant on regular appointments with the Dentist and Hygienist and a lifestyle which includes healthy eating and regular brushing/flossing of your teeth.

So pleased with the practice. Donal is amazing, so kind and great with the kids he really put you at ease.

- Alison

Always welcomed and treated nicely by all staff members. Almost a pleasure to attend.

- William

Sean was great, really put me at ease and gave me confidence in what he was doing. I even recommended Sean to my partner, who agrees that he is brilliant.

- Alex

Having come as a regular patient in a good practice near London I was surprised to find a very much improved service here. The dental hygienist was excellent in teaching me how to improve gum health very impressive practice overall.

- Anita

I would like to say thank you to the whole team who made me feel really welcome and taught me that work can be fun as well as hard work!

- Work Experience